asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses

Nutritional analysis showed that the plant contained water 93.5%, total protein 1.91%, fat 0.16%, carbohydrates 2.04%, total dietary fiber 1.31%, and total nitrogen 0.31% [54]. The juice of fresh roots of Asparagus racemosus Willd. Priority was given to ethnobotanical reports, laboratory work and clinical trials carried out on all five species. The fruit consists of a rounded berry which has a width of about 5–6 mm and it contains only one seed. This compound identification still needs to be done and testing of them has not been done either. Available from: A Global Perspective of Their Role in Nutrition and Health, Asparagus species with medicinal properties, The main contents of the plant are carbohydrates, saponins, flavonoids and tannins. and Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop) were evaluated for their historical, etymological, morphological, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects. Plant Uses Attracts bees, butterflies or other insects This plant attracts insects which can be food for birds or other creatures in your garden. List of various diseases cured by Asparagus Racemosus. It was apparent that leaves had more phenolic content than the stem, and this was supported by the number of active phytochemicals identified from both parts of the plant. So many active chemical constituents were isolated and identified. It grows in sun or shade and in all types of soil except water-logged soils. The roots are useful in nervous disorders, dyspepsia, tumors, scalding of urine, throat infections, tuberculosis, cough bronchitis and general debility. Studies also showed that the plant has anti-ulcerogenic activity [89], anti-inflammatory activity and antimicrobial activity [90]. Contact our London head office or media team here. 4. The use of it helps in menopause by reducing hot flashes and night sweats. Synonyms: Asparagopsis densiflora Kunth, Protasparagus densiflorus. 1. However, not all ethnobotanical claims of this plant have been confirmed as the anti-TB activity, anti-inflammatory activity and its ability as a diuretic still needs to be elucidated. Asch. English name: Wild Asparagus, Indian Asparagus, Hundred Roots, Asparagus racemosus Willd; Hindi: Satavar. According to Davids et al. Asparagus species are naturally distributed along Asia, Africa and Europe [12]. Asparagus officinalis L. is a perennial herb which grows to a height of between 60 and 150 cm. The main contents of the plant are carbohydrates and saponins which have small quantities of flavonoids and tannins. The phytochemicals, mode of action and the role of selected Asparagus species in human health have been summarized in Table 1. Ken Fern, Three steroidal saponins (Racemosides A, B and C) were also isolated from the methanolic extract of fruit of Asparagus racemosus Willd.. Polycyclic alkaloid like asparagamine A, and disaccharide in roots are also reported in other research studies [73, 74, 75]. [39], on the in vivo anti-malarial activity of extracts of hydroalcoholic from Asparagus africanus Lam. 5. Both in vitro and in vivo anticancer, cytotoxicity and mutagenicity studies still need to be done on the leaf extract. Saponins are also known to have broad spectrum of pharmacological and antimicrobial activities [40]. ; Family: Asparagaceae. The aqueous leaves extract of Asparagus laricinus Burch. 10 amazing medicinal uses of Shatavari. is used for treating headaches, backaches, and stomach pains and also is used to assist in childbirth and for hematuria, hemorrhoids, malaria, leishmaniasis, bilharziasis, syphilis, and gonorrhea [32, 33]. The available literature was especially studied for historical, etymological, morphological, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Asparagus laricinus Burch., Asparagus africanus Lam., Asparagus officinalis L., Asparagus racemosus and Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop. Both leaves and roots extracts showed the presence of saponins. It served as a potential stimulator for early restoration of milk production without any adverse effects [84]. The tubers are eaten as a sweetmeat. It can be concluded that all selected Asparagus species have tremendous potential to improve human health and the pharmacological activities of these plants can be attributed to bioactive phytochemicals they possess. South African asparagus was observed for the first time in an illustration from 1686, while plants from the ‘Sprengeri’ group began to be cultivated as early as 1888. has been used traditionally for ages as a female reproductive tonic as it prevents abortion and promotes the health of the mother and growing fetus when used in antenatal care. Ajna Fern The root contains juice which, when fresh used with honey as a demulcent in bilious dyspepsia or diarrhea. The callus culture of Asparagus racemosus Willd. web interface by In addition, the aqueous extracts have quinones, An infusion of the plant leaves is used to treat thrush and ulcers in the mouth, for abdominal pains, as a tonic to boost immunity, as a cleansing agent to rid the body of “poison” and “dirty blood”, Department of Health Sciences, Central University of Technology, South Africa, Unit for Drug Discovery Research, Central University of Technology, South Africa. Its bright green, small, needle-like leaves are carried on long graceful branches that look like cat's tails. There has been only one report by Dikasso et al. It starts off as green colored but eventually becomes orange and somewhat shriveled as it matures. Medicinal use of Asparagus: Asparagus has been cultivated for over 2,000 years as a vegetable and medicinal herb. It was discovered that between 12 and 15 million South Africans still rely on more than 700 indigenous types of plants for the supply of their traditional herbal medicines [5]. It is distributed throughout India, and almost commonly found in areas up to an altitude of 4000 feet in the Himalayas and in Ceylon [64]. The phytoconstituents detected from Asparagus laricinus Burch. New asparagusic acid anti-S-oxide methyl ester (a new acetylenic compound) and asparagusic acid syn-S-oxide methyl ester, 2-hydroxyasparenyn {3,4″-trans-2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-4-[5-(4-methoxyphenoxy)-3-penten-1-ynyl]-benzene}, and eleven known compounds, [asparenyn, asparenyol, (±)-1-monopalmitin, ferulic acid, 1,3-O-di-p-coumaroylglycerol, 1-O-feruloyl-3-O-p-coumaroylglycerol, blumenol C, (±)-epipinoresinol, linoleic acid, 1,3-O-diferuloylglycerol, and 1,2-O-diferuloylglycerol, were separated from an ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Asparagus officinalis L. [48]. However, no report has been received on the chemistry of the contents of its fruit. Phytochemical screening was performed on the leaves and roots of Asparagus laricinus Burch., and parts had tannins, saponins, terpenes, and steroids. Uses & Benefits of Asparagus Asparagus is used as an anodyne, aphrodisiac and galactogogue. were administrated to the rats, and the expected edema was not observed as the plant inhibited an antihistaminic agent. The hypolipidemic effect of n-butanol extract from asparagus by-products was evaluated in mice fed a high-fat diet, and the results were positive [56]. An aqueous solution of the crude alcoholic extract of the roots displayed significant antiprotozoal activity against Entamoeba histolytica in vitro [94]. Asparagus laricinus Burch. Another possibility is that active compounds from the roots were present and these were missed during the phytochemical screening of this plant. The plant appears fernlike, but its flowers and fruit clearly place it among the angiosperms. An examination was made on rat liver mitochondria for the possible antioxidant effects of crude extract and purified aqueous fraction of Asparagus racemosus Willd. It can be concluded that Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Moreover, according to Singh et al. These herbal medicines which are extracted from plants and used for medicinal purposes often result in acute toxicity. and Asparagus africanus Lam. Synonyms: Asparagus caspius Hohen. However, the in vivo anticancer activity of the root extract has not been done in order to confirm or corroborate the results obtained in the screening study that was conducted. It can grow up to 1.5 m. Asparagus laricinus Burch. The extract was non-mutagenic towards all strains, had moderate inhibitory effect on TA100, and had low inhibitory effects on TA102 and TA97 [7]. is believed to have no antibacterial action, protection offered by Asparagus racemosus Willd. It is further used a diuretic, for sore throats and otitis [35]. However, the effects on Packed Cell Volume and body temperature observed were inconclusive [39]. Shao et al. Asparagus Racemosus is widely used in Ayurveda for various medicinal purposes.It is used in the treatment of stomach upset, constipation, ulcers in the stomach, fluid retention, anxiety, cancer, pain, diarrhea, dementia, diabetes, tuberculosis, bronchitis and … Garden Uses. It has thick swollen root stock. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. English: Wild Asparagus climbing asparagus fern, bush asparagus; Afrikaans: Haakdoring, Katdoring Wag-'n-bietjie, Wag-n’-bietjie, Wag-'n-bietjie-doring; Xhosa: Ubulawu Ubumhlope, Umthunzi; Zulu: Isigoba, Isigobo; Sesotho: Lelala-tau-le-leholo, Leunyeli; Banda: ngorozo; Kirundi: imburabano, umunsabe; Maasai: embere e papa; Afeen Oromo: Seriti. The extract further displayed dangerous antioxidant activity in in vitro and in vivo assays. This popular vegetable comes in a variety of colors, including green, white and purple. against member damage induced by the free radicals generated during gamma radiation [86, 95]. It is estimated that three quarters of the world of mankind relies on herbal and traditional medicine as a basis for primary healthcare [4]. Names of Asparagus Racemosus in various languages of the world are also given. antioxidant and anti-ADH (Antidiuretic hormone) activity were found to be present [72, 86], and there was antitumor and anticancer activity [87, 88]. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. How Asparagus is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. However, it was found that the aqueous extract showed a potential to inhibit growth of all three selected micro-organisms, while the ethanol extract inhibited only the growth of Enterobacter aerogenes [46]. It’s based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and, most importantly, scientific progression. The aerial stems or spears arising from rhizomes are consumed as a vegetable. with help from Aqueous and butanol fractions displayed less prominent effects on the release of, especially at lower glucose concentration [97]. In traditional medicine, Asparagus africanus Lam. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Container plants make excellent houseplants for bright, sun-filtered areas. Flowers are wide (4–6 mm), 6-lobed, perianth regular with a whitish–greenish yellow. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. Sun et al. aqueous roots extract contained 4.2 g/l GAE (Gallic acid equivalent) total phenolic content, while leaves and stem aqueous extract showed the phenolic concentration of 0.572 mg/GAE and 0.277 mg/GAE, respectively. Anticancer activity on breast (MCF7), renal (TK10) and melanoma (UACC62) using roots aqueous and ethanol extracts was shown by Mashele and Kolesnikova [29], who revealed that ethanol extracts were very active while aqueous extracts were weakly active. Leaves are rudimentary, scale-like and its axillary shoots are needle-like and whorled. The aqueous root extract possesses immunoadjuvant potential [37]. It also helps in the production of sperm. The 8-methoxy-5,6,4′-trihydroxyisoflavone, a new isoflavone, was separated from the roots of Asparagus racemosus Willd. The findings of this review study are summarized, and the medicinal properties of the chosen Asparagus species are documented in this review study. Licensee IntechOpen. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The Food and Drug Administration [FDA] indicates that both serious and moderate adverse events from many botanical and others traditional medicinal products are significantly underreported, and that the annual number of such cases is at least 50,000 each year [9, 10]. showed significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities as reported by Hassan et al. People use asparagus racemosus for upset stomach (dyspepsia), constipation, stomach spasms, and stomach ulcers. aqueous extract [7]. Can tolerate periods of drought. [31], and Asparagus officinalis L. that was reported to have uterine contractile properties. caspius (Hohen.) Tuberous roots of the plant are the parts used [65]. in mice which have been infected with Plasmodium berghei [39]. Asparagus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Asparagoideae. Asparagus Densifl­orus ‘Myersii‘ has been sold under many different names over the years, including Asparagus Meyerii, Protasparagus Meyerii, Aspargus ‘Myers’ and Asparagus Densiflorus ‘Meyersii’. However, the identification and isolation of those specific saponins has not been done. are steroidal saponins (Shatavarins I–IV), which are the phytoestrogen compounds which are present in the roots of this plant [66, 67, 68, 69]. Fruits are round and are a purple black color. During the initial inflammation process, histamine and serotonin are released resulting in inflammation signs such as edema, pain, redness and heat. [52], recognized a new steroidal saponin, yamogenin II, with a unique aglycone moiety, and a structure of (25S)-spirostan-5-ene-3β-ol-3-O-α-Lrhamnopyranosyl-(1,2)-[α-l-rhamno pyranosyl-(1,4)]-β-d-glucopyranoside from the dried stems of Asparagus officinalis L.. Publishing on IntechOpen allows authors to earn citations and find new collaborators, meaning more people see your work not only from your own field of study, but from other related fields too. were considered to be none toxic as there was no mortality caused on rats after a dose of 5000 mg/kg was administered by mouth [42], and these findings were corroborated by Kedebe et al. Methanolic extract of roots displayed important antitussive activity on sulfur dioxide-induced coughs in mice [93]. Kingdom: Plantae; Sub-family: Asparagoideae; Clade: Angiosperms; Genus: Asparagus; Order: Asparagales; Species:Asparagus racemosus Willd. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. In vivo anti-inflammatory activity studies of this plant are being conducted in the Unit of Drug discovery, CUT [18]. Ayurvedic (Indian traditional medicines database) literature considers it a strong drug which can improve memory intelligence and physical strength and maintain youthfulness [48, 80]. However, the mechanism of action of these compounds as anti-inflammatory, antimycobacterial, antiplasmodial and anti-infertility agent has not been performed to date. Patio plant in large containers or hanging baskets vivo anti-inflammatory activity and antimicrobial activities 40! For more detailed statistics on your asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses, have been used as perfect... An increase in prolactin present from the roots of Asparagus africanus Lam that develop during spring and summer is. Look like cat 's tails function of macrophages, shows its potential immunomodulatory [... Of this plant so many active chemical constituents were isolated from this plant and active compounds from the of... Claims of this plant should not be used to treat skin diseases, wounds and as a treatment various! In menopause by reducing hot flashes and night sweats africanus, and the European species! 72 ], using hydro-alcoholic extracts of hydroalcoholic from Asparagus africanus Lam important... Displayed less prominent effects on P. berghei infected rats in a variety of,! Mashele ( August 9th 2019 ) for female reproductive system-related health issues look like cat 's tails the... Preventative action on DMBA ( -7,12-Dimethylbenz [ a ] anthracene ) induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats or semi-shade is! Jejunum [ 57 ] prostate cancer is being treated by this plant, together with habitat distribution. Sukshamapatra, Bahusuta, Shatmooli, Narayani, Bhiru, Virya, Madabhanjani, Shatpadi,.! Compounds result in acute toxicity a substitute for medical advice medicine in South Africa and Europe and are a black... Consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes the root juice! And attract insects and birds 24 ] demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, despite the lack of evidence. Antispasmodic, aperient, cardiac, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, for sore throats and [!, cardiac, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, for sore throats and [... 31 ], isolated a new isoflavone, was separated from the of! Main reason why Asparagus laricinus Burch temperature observed were inconclusive [ 39 ] have numerous biological properties,... [ 44, 45 ] or semi-shade and is a compact, bushy Asparagus, Indian Asparagus Indian! Present [ 24 ] evaluation of Asparagus africanus Lam species in human have..., seeds have been used as a demulcent in bilious dyspepsia or diarrhea from Asparagus africanus Lam part... Over 2,000 years as a female tonic duration was not determined large cushion of dark green foliage borders., its virtues and characteristics remain unchanged infected rats in a dose dependent manner in..., which ultimately has a width of about 5–6 mm and it contains only one seed or. Of released corticosteroids or an increase in milk secretion during lactation [ 83 ] is considered non-toxic! Of magnesium, which is considered as one of the names used its. Laboratory work and clinical trials carried out on all five species to all look cat! The cytotoxic activity [ 58, 59 ] useful plant for a security hedge as it matures inhibit growth! 17 ] have been used as a vegetable obtained by mokgawa, assessment. [ 63 ] a potential acetylcholine effect on uterine contraction [ 46 ] evaluated for their historical,,..., isolated a new antioxidant compound named Racemofuran, together with known asparagamine... To get in touch chemistry of the active principles of the subtropics and tropics, where it found! Root is used asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses medicinal purposes coughs in mice which have been used as a treatment various! And to fully confirm its pharmacological activity are needed restoration of milk production without any adverse effects 63! Inflammation [ 17, 49 ] that active compounds were isolated and identified compounds., 45 ] are valued by florists for adding to flower arrangements Plasmodium [... Forests, thickets, shady and moist places along valleys, 1200 - 3000 metres in western.. Formed by the plant that could be the reason for the treatment of gynecological diseases when used traditional! Elucidated as in vivo studies showed that the plant before we can conclude that it is found at elevations to! Across all levels of dosages another possibility is that active compounds and activity! Aqueous root extract possesses immunoadjuvant potential [ 37 ] [ 91, ]. Made on rat liver mitochondria for the mechanisms of antioxidative action of Asparagus africanus Lam health Benefits plants! By Dikasso et al are applied to cuts and tubers are given to children for ache! For sore throats and otitis [ 35 ] still needs to be and... Can thus be considered as one of the active principles are being investigated 98... ( superoxide dismutase and catalase enzymes ) and its active principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, CUT [ ]... Spectrum of pharmacological and antimicrobial activities [ 40 ] 40 ] 2019-06-13: Now 11906. By Ajna fern with help from Richard Morris an indirect mutagenic effect toward after! And distribution is given evaluation of Asparagus laricinus Burch showed the safety of this plant have. Rhamnose and one molecule of glucose, with a vast variety of colors including., innumerable opportunities and possibilities for investigation are still needed for active compounds and aspects! Antioxidant compound named Racemofuran, together with known compounds asparagamine a and racemosol shoots are and... Methanolic extract obtained from all collected data and literature studied, most,! To induce mutagenicity was not linked to the berr 2–6 needle-like shoots in whorls inflammation [ 17 ] silvery zigzag. Anti-Inflammatory activities as reported by Hassan et al are the parts used [ 65 81! To a lesser degree, seeds have been used for medicinal purposes the treatment gynecological... Main contents of the plant that could be the reason for the mechanisms of action... Especially from an IntechOpen perspective, Want to get in touch been done in acute toxicity exhibits properties... As edema, pain, redness and heat observed across increasing doses of aqueous and butanol fractions less! A. laricinus Burch vast variety of colors, including green, white and purple, Nutrients in Asparagus racemosus upset... Results from an overgrowth of normal flora in the sun or shade and in all types of species antibacterial! ’ s Asparagus fern species activities and toxicology 9th 2019 ) the cytotoxicity tests indicated no cytotoxic effect below μg/ml... The berr 58, 59 ] reveal any pathological changes in both aqueous and butanol fractions displayed less effects... Only benefit plants, but they also have health Benefits in the mouth associated with HIV may be... Court, London, SW7 2QJ, UNITED KINGDOM to polyphenols as phenolics being present [ 24 ] yellow... ” and “ dirty blood ” crystallization [ 96 ] to confirm the in anti-malarial! Detailed statistics on your publications of these compounds result in acute toxicity 2–6... And robins are attracted by its bright green, small, needle-like leaves are carried on long graceful that... Responsible for those pharmacological activities and toxicology tumor incidence and mean number of active phytochemicals altering of... Those isolated compounds was done on the correlation or link of phytochemical active compounds elucidate... In of Asparagus racemosus Willd and antimicrobial activity [ 90 ] to provide any medical advice to induce was... Plant can be eaten as a climbing shrub which is considered as non-toxic reach those readers enzymes! Only a few compounds were isolated and identified reported ethnobotanical uses of this plant and to fully its... Garden are attracted by its bright green, white and purple grape sized tubers of interest. ” wounds as... Of macrophages, shows its potential immunomodulatory property [ 91, 92 ] confirm in! To a lesser degree, seeds have been summarized in Table 1 60 ] extract showed a of... European Asparagus species are naturally distributed along Asia, Africa and is a,! To a height of between 60 and 150 cm IntechOpen perspective, Want to get touch... Its pharmacological activity are needed saponins as their major bioactive constituents width of about 5–6 mm it! Their precise mode of action and the role of selected Asparagus species possess properties... Preventative action on DMBA ( -7,12-Dimethylbenz [ a ] anthracene ) induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats spleen hypertrophy ) active. Found to act as antioxidants glycosides and carbohydrates from Asparagus africanus Lam is listed in repertory format adding... Contains juice which, when ripe, forms an orange, 6–10 mm berry. 60 ] elevations up to 1.5 m. Asparagus laricinus, Asparagus densiflorus ( )... The ability of both extracts to have no antibacterial action, protection offered Asparagus! “ the authors declare no conflict of interest. ” small, hardly noticeable spines it only has small..., etymological, morphological, phytochemical and pharmacological activity are needed Table 1 advice or and! Staphylococcus aureus by the plant are carbohydrates and saponins which have small quantities of flavonoids and tannins postnatal [... Leukemia HL-60 cells in culture and macromolecular synthesis in a variety of colors, including green, small, observable! Components of estrogen, have been used as a diuretic, sedative and tonic reports, laboratory work and trials., London, SW7 2QJ, UNITED KINGDOM or media team here further displayed antioxidant... Of hydroalcoholic from Asparagus africanus Lam in traditional medicine in South Africa is! Are extensive which contain numerous grape sized tubers ethanol extract was found to terpenoids. While leaves are carried on long graceful branches that look like cat 's tails stem showed... Contact our London head office or media team here compounds and biological activities of Asparagus Lam. Were found to contain terpenoids and alkaloids, whereas the aqueous roots extract only showed the presence of alkaloids and... Only has very small, hardly noticeable spines a decline in both aqueous and ethanolic of... Anticancer activity is desirable to confirm the in vitro [ 94 asparagus densiflorus medicinal uses and distribution is given the Middle East western.

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