Until then, I'll do my part! I first learned about garlic mustard when I got addicted to an app called Seek by iNaturalist. When it's a good color, flavor, and consistency, it's done! In Europe, this plant is loved and used by many rural people, but in North America it is often referred to as a noxious weed. Our supplier in Upstate New York has been organic for 14 years. Oh my goodness!! It is a biennial plant, so takes two years to complete its lifecycle. For the last two years, I’ve been making pesto with my young leaves. Thanks for all the info! The blog is generally updated twice a month. 2. Harvest. Lift the bulbs with a fork once the foliage starts to fade and go yellow. However, as someone who has spent several years eating it, I also know how delicious it can be, and look forward to cooking with it every spring. Your email address will not be published. Elizabeth Heck 1,645 views. I hope to see a day where garlic mustard is no longer a threat to our native woodlands due to large numbers of people pulling and eating it. We respect your privacy. Place it in a container where it won’t get jostled too much. Again, I really recommend Seek by iNaturalist to help you along the way as you get started in your foraging adventures. Garlic mustard emits a strong garlic smell when any part of the plant is crushed, so follow your nose! These can be steamed or sauted and drizzled with olive oil or butter. Basically, you snap photos of flora and fauna, upload them, and let recognition technology do the work. Prefer to listen to this article? Garlic Mustard is a culinary herb that is native to Eurasia and parts of Africa. For a brighter taste, squeeze in a bit of lemon juice. As someone who has spent countless hours pulling this plant up by the roots in an effort to protect delicate forest ecosystems, I know from experience the extent to which garlic mustard can displace native wildflowers. From general topics to more of what you would expect to find here, rosesprodigalgarden.org has it all. Sweet, succulent, and garlicy, it reminds me of a cross between a garlic scape and a snap pea. They hold small black seeds, which have a spicy, horseradish taste. Thank you for the education and inspiration! Alternatively, the garlic may be attacked by insects or the cloves may dry out, especially in warm weather. Though the bitterness puts some people off, I think the flavor goes well in many dishes. The plant is best harvested while young, as it begins to taste bitter when it gets too old. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) gets a bad reputation for its highly invasive qualities, but if all exotic foreign plants were this savory and nutritious, we might look at them a little differently!. I have personally held workshops where we pulled large quantities of the plant for management purposes and used a portion of it for cooking; and I have seen similar programs promoted by parks, nature centers, and environmental organizations across the country. So interesting, Sylvia! Dig up the root. Harvesting Mustard Greens. I’m on the lookout now. You can even freeze it for later! The flower buds and flowers have a spicy, horseradish taste. Hi! Seed pods and flowers, eaten raw, are a pungent addition to salads.. If you are interested in controlling garlic mustard, I recommend contacting your local nature center. Garlic mustard has spicy, delicious leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots. Harvesting and Storing Mustard. Both farms are certified nematode-free and organic. Throw out seedy plants and roots in the garbage. The leaves and flower buds are more bitter in flavor than the stem. The leaves become more triangular as they move up the stalk. Keep an eye out for poison ivy. The mustard crop matures in about 110 to 140 days. Harvesting Garlic Mustard. (Or if the flower buds are too spicy for you, simply omit them.). (Biennial means the plant sends up leaves in its first year and typically flowers in its second.) This Foraging for Garlic Mustard recipe post may contain affiliate links, meaning that if you choose to purchase something after clicking on one of the links in this post, I may earn a small commission at no additional cost to you. Want to get to know me better? I’m Sylvia, a vintage-loving gal. First documented in New York in 1868, it was used as a source of food and medicine. As the weather heats up and the plant matures, the leaves become more bitter. They’re also delicious chopped up and added to salads, just like you would with fresh parsley, mint, or coriander. The seeds when ground make a fabulous mustard sauce and the dried greens can be made into a paste like wasabi. Garlic mustard may have tasty potential, but it is a noxious weed. 2014 < previous next > I partnered with Picnic Club Detroit to help harvest Garlic Mustard in Rouge Park in Northwest Detroit. Garlic Harvesting Tips. Our supplier in Washington State has been organic for 24 years. It's easy and delicious! Young stalks are said to be best if harvested just prior to flowering. 3 Freshly harvested Korean Red garlic 4 Garlic hanging to cure in a dry, airy position out of direct sunlight. I love foraging and now I’ll have to learn more about garlic mustard and where to find it. Garlic mustard leaves can be harvested in their first year, but they are typically stronger-tasting. Just chop them up and add to soups, salads, tacos, stir fries, and other dishes. Simply plant seeds about 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows or blocks. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Four Season Foraging now offers free audio versions of articles with the help of a text-to-speech website. My garlic mustard “pesto” substitutes the basil for, well, garlic mustard, and the pinenuts for walnuts. Composting will only help to spread the problem. Once you have a nice bunch of garlic mustard tops, take them home and rinse them off. And thanks again for writing. Water plants at the base of the stem keeping moisture off the leaves. If needed, add more olive oil, salt and pepper to taste. While it's slightly bitter, this pesto-inspired sauce is packed with vitamins C and A, and is delicious stirred into pastas, spread on pizzas and sneaked into sandwiches. Sign up with your email address to get blog posts delivered directly to your inbox! Garlic will blanch and burn in the sun. It can be found in the city, in wilderness areas, and everywhere in between. Personally, I love garlic mustard hummus. 5 A garlic crop after curing, and trimming to remove roots and leaves. Filed Under: Foraging, Gardening, RECIPES, SIMPLE LIVING Tagged With: foraging, pesto. Curious about garlic mustard edibility? 1 Freshly harvested white softneck garlic 2 Garlic left in the ground too long so that the bulbs have split. Garlic Mustard Bud and Flower: Ideal Time to Harvest. 4:59. The stems should be thick and succulent. Most mustard greens are ready to harvest as baby greens 20 to 30 days after sowing. Put the freshly dug unwashed bulbs in a dark, dry place as soon as possible. Harvesting too soon will result in smaller cloves that don’t store well. Then I taste it, decide if I want a stronger tahini or lemon flavor, and adjust accordingly. Simply click the play button on the right! This helps the forest, and it helps you because you’ll have garlic mustard root to work with in the kitchen. 3. We hope you find what you are searching for! Garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata. The root has no garlic flavour though. Use sickle to cut the crop close to the ground. Today, it’s seen as a weed and for conservationists, one that’s threatening native species. According to Leda Meredith, the author of The Forager’s Feast, the seeds can also be used to make spicy mustard. Let me know how I can help. It's delicious! This plant is horrible. Remove leaves that have white rust. Are you looking for more ways to eliminate toxins from your home? Garlic Mustard is usually 2 – 3 feet tall but some stems may grow as tall as 6 feet later in the summer. Your email address will not be published. This pesky, yet delicious weed thrives in busy areas, so it can often be found along hiking trails, fence lines, ditches, roadsides and in wooded areas. Simply defrost the pesto and blend in the parmesan when you’re ready to use it. The seeds are of particular interest to me since learning that they can be used for sprouting purposes. GARLIC MUSTARD HORSERADISH. Garlic mustard is also found in some areas on the East and West Canadian coasts, as well as the Eastern and Mid-Western states and the Pacific Northwest. For people who don't approve of my imprecise methods, here is a hummus recipe from The Three Foragers. In its first year, garlic mustard sends up a basal rosette of leaves, meaning that the leaves are close to the ground and they radiate out from one central point (like the arrangement of dandelion leaves.) 4. Then, with the processor running, I add as many garlic mustard leaves and flower buds as it can hold, which is a surprisingly large amount! (Though I recommend eating them!). If you're looking for something less fiery, simply omit the flower buds. Luckily, Garlic Mustard is easy to positively identify so it is great for beginners. To halt the spread of seeds, dispose of any flowering tops in sealed plastic. The result is a bitter, yet satisfying sauce that can be used for pasta, pizzas, sandwiches (like pesto tuna melts), mayonnaise, and in any recipe that calls for pesto. As this was my first time using the root AND making horseradish from scratch, I used this recipe from Edible Wild Food. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) is an herbaceous member of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) brought over by early European colonizers. Last year while harvesting my garlic mustard, I completely ignored the roots. Harvesting should be done in early morning hours to avoid any shattering of seed. Where I am in southern Quebec, garlic mustard grows in abundance. Thank you for sharing. Your info is never shared. As it grows throughout the season, it shoots up and grows broccoli-like buds. Try to harvest in early to late spring, and avoid harvesting in hot summer months when the plant loses its favorable taste. Garlic mustard is actually an invasive plant in North America, so you don’t need to worry about over-harvesting it. The seeds will germinate just a few days later. This will keep for 3-4 weeks in the fridge. However, at this stage of its growth, you could be forgiven for mistaking it for ground ivy. They are small (about 1/3 inch diameter), white, and four-petaled. However, leaving the bulbs in the ground too long causes the cloves to burst out of their skins, making them vulnerable to disease and shorter storage time. Usually the growth heights are on average however with 60 to 70 cm (24 to 28 in) clearly smaller. Please let me know your thoughts in the comments below, and, if you like foraging and have wild violets nearby, check out my post on 5 Ways to Use Wild Violets. I love sneaking in fresh sprouts wherever I can, so I do believe I will be foraging for garlic mustard a second time come late summer/early fall when the seeds appear. When harvesting garlic, lift each bulb individually from the ground. The most delicious part of the garlic mustard plant is the young stem. After harvesting, spread the garlic out in the shade to dry a bit before curing. Healthful herb or noxious weed? 1. Unlike other non-native plants that have more-or-less naturalized, garlic mustard is a threat to native forest ecosystems. Maybe you came for the pesto, though, in which case, I hope you enjoy the recipe. The ideal time to harvest garlic mustard is in its second year, when the flowering stalks have grown flower buds at the top of the plant. Second-year plants produce clusters of white flowers with four petals. Handle gently as bruising also reduces their storage potential. I’m not sure if it’s in Alberta, but if it is, happy hunting! Depending on the plant, you should be able to take the top 6 to 12 inches. In the Twin Cities area, the flowers typically appear in early May. Garlic Mustard is a biennial herb that has been labeled an invasive weed in many areas. It’s a simple way for you to help Four Season Foraging keep producing the informative content that you enjoy. You can plant mustard from seeds or from transplants. Mustard is a cool weather crop, so you can plant it pretty early in the spring, around four weeks before the last frost date in your region. Therefore, make sure the area you’re sourcing your garlic mustard from isn’t sprayed with such chemicals. It is an invasive species that may be harvested without sustainability concerns. Mustard can be attacked by flea beetles and aphids. Throw out seedy plants and roots in the garbage. Come late summer/early fall, dark brown seeds appear. While it will grow in disturbed sunny or partly sunny areas, it can invade the dappled sunlight of upland woods and floodplain forests. (If you're interested in controlling the spread of garlic mustard, please contact your local nature center so they can teach you the proper techniques.) 2 cups garlic mustard leaves, gently packed. If you’re on the money, a faint garlic aroma will tickle your nose. Harvesting Garlic Mustard | Plus Making Garlic Mustard Pesto - Duration: 4:59. You can just take your favorite traditional pesto recipe and replace the basil with garlic mustard leaves and flower buds. Since it's an invasive, once you find it, you're likely to find a lot of it. Set these aside for pesto, hummus, and other dishes. Harvesting Garlic Mustard. Besides the seven months in the ground advice, there's also suggestions to monitor the garlic foliage, harvesting when a certain number of leaves have started dying back. Softneck Silverskin-Nootka Rose Garlic Garlics That Store The Longest Harvesting History’s garlic comes from Upstate New York and the Oshkanogan Valley of Washington State. 4. I’m so excited to look for this plant, as we are moving to Alberta soon. Next, I painstakingly clean my hard-earned prizes and turn them into garlic mustard pesto and horseradish. Garlic mustard is very easy to positively identify, making it a great choice for beginner foragers. I have not tried these, and descriptions of their flavor vary from author to author. Other areas I am interested in playing around with the seeds include grinding them up to blend into spice mixes and using them whole in meat rubs. 3. It was brought over with our ancestors and cultivated in kitchen gardens. It’s taking over, I’m telling you! What’s worse, animals haven’t the slightest interest in it, which is a real shame, because it’s delicious! If you have hardneck garlic you’ll want to harvest the garlic scapes. To harvest, simply use your fingers to snap off the tender top portion of the stem. Emails are sent about 1-2 times monthly. Once this happens the garlic is more prone to develop moisture damage or even rot. Hey guys in this video we learn how to harvest and cook garlic mustard shoots. In addition to the root, you will need white wine vinegar and salt. Brought to the United States in the 1800s as an edible, it has since spread across the northeastern US, the midwest, as far south as Alabama, and as far west as Washington and Oregon. If it's too thick, I add more olive oil. As the plant flowers, seed pods form on the stem beneath. The same holds true for Ontario. The flower buds have a spicy horseradish-like flavor. Flowers have four small white petals. Required fields are marked *. Garlic mustard starts going to seed around mid-May in the Twin Cities area. If you like our foraging tutorials, please consider joining us on Patreon! 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