During this period, the temperature slowly increases with depth in the lake, being coldest near the ice-covered surface at around freezing, and reaching about 3.5–3.8 °C (38.3–38.8 °F) at a depth of 200–250 m (660–820 ft). Baikal was also declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1996. , After enrichment, only 10% of the uranium-derived radioactive material would be exported to international customers, leaving 90% near the Lake Baikal region for storage. The popularity of Lake Baikal is growing from year to year, but there is no developed infrastructure in the area. best; random; videos; submit; Previous Feeling Lucky? Drizhenko produced the first detailed contour map of the lake bed. In 1631, Maksim Perfilyev built an ostrog at Bratsk.  An ice route around Olkhon is around 200 km. , In 1638, Perfilyev crossed from the Angara over the Ilim portage to the Lena River and went downstream as far as Olyokminsk.  All endemics have been recorded between 20 and 30 m (66 and 98 ft), but the majority mainly live at shallower depths. This allows access to the figures of ice that are formed at rocky banks of Olkhon Island, including Cape Hoboy, the Three Brothers rock, and caves to the North of Khuzhir. among the world's clearest lakes and is considered[by whom?] Turquoise Ice.  The vast majority of the Baikal ostracods belong in the families Candonidae (more than 100 described species) and Cytherideidae (about 50 described species), but genetic studies indicate that the true diversity in at least the latter family has been heavily underestimated. Lake Baikal is nicknamed "Older sister of Sister Lakes (Lake Khövsgöl and Lake Baikal)".. LAC BAIKAL GELE. Incredible Turquoise Ice Gleams Like Gemstones On Lake Baikal Landscape photographer Alexey Trofimov, who lives in Siberia, took these incredible pictures of the unusual phenomenon. Lake Baikal is the largest fresh water lake by volume in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world's unfrozen surface fresh water. Small tourist vessels operate in the area, availing bird-watching, animal watching (especially Baikal seal), and fishing. In 1629, Yakov Khripunov set off from Tomsk to find a rumored silver mine. The second tourist season is summer, which lets tourists dive deeper into virgin Baikal nature. For the quality of service and comfort from the visitor's point of view, Lake Baikal still has a long way to go.  The Baikal black grayling (Thymallus baicalensis), Baikal white grayling (T. brevipinnis), and Baikal sturgeon (Acipenser baerii baicalensis) are other important species with commercial value. Although Lake Baikal isnât on the international tourist map yet, itâs still advisable to book ahead. It contains 27 islands; the largest, Olkhon, is 72 km (45 mi) long and is the third-largest lake-bound island in the world.  Lubomirskia baicalensis, Baikalospongia bacillifera, and B. intermedia are unusually large for freshwater sponges and can reach 1 m (3.3 ft) or more. (2014). , Located in the former northern territory of the Xiongnu confederation, Lake Baikal is one site of the Han–Xiongnu War, where the armies of the Han dynasty pursued and defeated the Xiongnu forces from the second century BC to the first century AD. Notable landforms include Cape Ryty on Baikal's northwest coast.  More than 80% of the animals are endemic.  Little was known to Europeans about the lake until Russia expanded into the area in the 17th century.  The Kurykans, a Siberian tribe who inhabited the area in the sixth century, gave it a name that translates to "much water". Turquoise-Hued Ice. Elizabeth is curious about the world around her and is always looking for ways to make it a friendlier and more welcoming place. Named ice hummocks, the giant blocks are formed by movement of ice floes; These hummocks are on Lake Baikal in Siberia, which holds one … Among the most diverse invertebrate groups are the amphipod and ostracod crustaceans, freshwater snails, annelid worms and turbellarian worms: More than 350 species and subspecies of amphipods are endemic to the lake. You can fly into the cityâs international airport and be on the shores of Lake Baikal within a matter of hours. Krainov, M.E. THE FANTASTIC TURQUOISE ICE OF LAKE BAIKAL.  The invasive species Elodea canadensis was introduced to the lake in the 1950s. Warmer lake and air temperatures mean that the hummocks are less prominent and spectacular. It is also home to Buryat tribes, who raise goats, camels, cattle, sheep, and horses on the eastern side of the lake,[dead link] where the mean temperature varies from a winter minimum of −19 °C (−2 °F) to a summer maximum of 14 °C (57 °F).  In the nearshore regions of Baikal, the largest benthic biomass is sponges.  Despite this, in September 2013, the mill underwent a final bankruptcy, with the last 800 workers slated to lose their jobs by 28 December 2013. Lake Baikal, located in the heart of Siberia, is the oldest and deepest freshwater lake in the world. In 1643, Kurbat Ivanov went further up the Lena and became the first Russian to see Lake Baikal and Olkhon Island. Thus they account for the sterility of Daouria, where it is said "no corn will grow.". Most of them are governmental or associated with governmental organizations. We want to inspire you to explore new destinations, discover new experiences and savor the journey. Mar 17, 2013 - Lake Baikal, located in the southern part of eastern Siberia in Russia, is an incredible natural wonder of the world that one can only hope to visit at .. Nov 27, 2015 - Lake Baikal, located in the southern part of eastern Siberia in Russia, is an incredible natural wonder of the world that one can only hope to visit at.  Beyond members of Cottoidea, there are few endemic fish species in the lake basin. , Lake Baikal faces a series of detrimental phenomenon including the disappearance of the omul fish, the rapid growth of putrid algae and the death of endemic species of sponges across its area. Spring ice melt underway on Lake Baikal, on 4 May: Notice the ice-covered north, while much of the south is already ice-free. I've visited Lake Louise in Alberta and it has the same colour. Also this season attracts fans of ice fishing. They have little effect on the lake's temperature because of its huge volume.  However, on 4 January 2010, production was resumed. Hunt, D. M., et al.  During the winter, the water transparency in open sections can be as much as 30–40 m (100–130 ft), but during the summer it is typically 5–8 m (15–25 ft). Apparently, a combination of wind, temperature differences, frost and sun in the ice crust causes the ice hummocks to form. As if that wasn't a cool enough fact, wait until you see what happens when that water freezes. , Stormy weather on the lake is common, especially during the summer and fall, and can result in waves as high as 4.5 m (15 ft). , Fewer than 65 native fish species occur in the lake basin, but more than half of these are endemic. These long-finned, translucent fish typically live in open water at depths of 100–500 m (330–1,640 ft), but occur both shallower and much deeper. 11 Colorado Towns That Feel Like Youâre In A Hallmark Christmas Movie, 8 Fantastic French Food Gifts Perfect For A Gourmet, From North Dakota To New Mexico: A Visit To 7 Of America's Beautiful Badlands, 7 Nifty Things Travelers Should Know About Russia, Meet Kizhi Pogost, The Site Of Russia's Beautiful Wooden Churches, Caviar & Cosmonauts: 16 Russian Adventures, We Want You! Travel Destinations . To the west, Krasnoyarsk on the upper Yenisei was founded in 1627. Siberia’s Lake Baikal is a uniquely awe-inspiring place – not least for its incredible, jewel-like turquoise ice formations, which add a beautiful, otherworldly touch to the landscape in spring. Lake Baikal is frozen for almost five months each year but, due to the moderating effect of such a large water mass, the freezing takes place later than in other neighbouring areas. It hosts more than 1,000 species of plants and 2,500 species of animals based on current knowledge, but the actual figures for both groups are believed to be significantly higher. Generally, Baikal has two top tourist seasons. Slugina; Starobogatov; and Korniushin (1994).  Although named after the lake, both the Baikal teal and Baikal bush warbler are widespread in eastern Asia. Freezing temperatures, combined with brutal winds, can create ice hummocks as large as 50 feet, … The Baikal is the deepest lake on the Earth as well as the biggest natural freshwater reservoir. As the autumn begins, the surface temperature falls again and a second homothermic period at around 4 °C (39 °F) of the upper circa 300 m (980 ft) occurs in October–November. Daneliya, M.E. Lake Baikal, located in the heart of Siberia, is the oldest and deepest freshwater lake in the world. They say "that Christ visited this part of Asia and ascended this summit, whence he looked down on all the region around. The Baikalian Research Centre is an independent research organization carrying out environmental, educational and research projects at Lake Baikal. If you want to walk amongst the turquoise-colored ice, make sure you consult a local guide ahead of time and adhere to any safety precautions. Circle of thin ice, diameter of 4.4 km (2.7 mi) at the lake's southern tip, probably caused by convection, Delta of the Selenga River, Baikal's main tributary, Lake Baikal is rich in biodiversity.  The families Abyssocottidae (deep-water sculpins), Comephoridae (golomyankas or Baikal oilfish), and Cottocomephoridae (Baikal sculpins) are entirely restricted to the lake basin. Regular winds exist in Baikal's rift valley. In fact, it holds 20% of the world’s fresh water. Read more from Elizabeth on her personal site. Kuzmin. The ice itself has a transparency of one meter depth, having different patterns of crevasses, bubbles, and sounds. A vast, deep, ancient freshwater body, Lake Baikal, is known for its clear waters, winter sports, and brilliantly blue ice hummocks that make its frozen surface look like itâs studded with precious gemstones. Deep within southern Siberia is the world’s oldest lake, on this episode we uncover the mystery of Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world. At times during winter freezes, the lake could be crossed on foot, though at risk of frostbite and deadly hypothermia from the cold wind moving unobstructed across flat expanses of ice.  After the surface ice breaks up, the surface water is slowly warmed up by the sun, and in May–June, the upper 300 m (980 ft) or so becomes homothermic (same temperature throughout) at around 4 °C (39 °F) because of water mixing. The ice road to Olkhon Island is the only legal ice road on Lake Baikal. , As of 2006[update], almost 150 freshwater snails are known from Lake Baikal, including 117 endemic species from the subfamilies Baicaliinae (part of the Amnicolidae) and Benedictiinae (part of the Lithoglyphidae), and the families Planorbidae and Valvatidae. Morphometric Data.  Until the Early Middle Ages, the wisent (European bison) was present near the lake, which was the easternmost part of its range. , Similar to another ancient lake, Tanganyika, Baikal is a center for ostracod diversity. It occurs when a river flows into a glacial lake.  In general, Baikal snails are thin-shelled and small. Its usually glacial rock flour. The trip takes two hours from Irkutsk. , Chinese owned AquaSib has been purchasing land along the lake and started building a bottling plant and pipeline in the town of Kultuk. Due to changing advisories, please check local travel guidelines before visiting. In 1638, it was besieged unsuccessfully.  Transneft has since decided to move the pipeline away from Lake Baikal, so that it will not pass through any federal or republic natural reserves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 195, 281–298, 2003. Get woke. The most popular trail starts in Listvyanka and goes along the Baikal coast to Bolshoye Goloustnoye. Next >> Shards of Turquoise Ice - Lake Baikal, Siberia 4242 AWESOME 14 WTW 51 BORING. It is the deepest lake in the world with flora and fauna that you will not see anywhere else.  Transneft agreed to alter its plans when Russian president Vladimir Putin ordered the company to consider an alternative route 40 kilometers (25 mi) to the north to avoid such ecological risks. , An enrichment center was constructed in the 2010s. Belikov; Kaluzhnaya; Schröder; Müller; and Müller (2007).  While the Baikalospongia species typically have encrusting or carpet-like structures, L. baikalensis often has branching structures and in areas where common may form underwater "forests". Lift your spirits with funny jokes, trending memes, entertaining gifs, inspiring stories, viral videos, and so much more. The ice thickness is 6 – 7 meters! When the lake freezes during the winter, an amazing phenomena takes place: large shards of transparent ice form on the surface of the lake, giving the amazing appearance of turquoise ice.  That record is currently held by Anatoly Sagalevich, at 1,637 m (5,371 ft) (also in Lake Baikal aboard a Pisces submersible in 1990).
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