acropora species guide

Corals Selection Guide Corals Information & Pricing Acropora Sale Acclimating Corals Receiving Tranship Corals Shipping Information Our E-mail Home Phone: (866) … The Acropora coral-eating flatworm (AEFW), Prosthiostomum acroporae (Platyhelminthes: Polycladida: Prosthiostomidae) feeds on wild and cultivated Acropora species and its inadvertent introduction into reef tanks can lead to the rapid death of coral colonies. Like the previous one, it only applies to wild acroporas, so it will not be very useful to identify acropora bought in a shop or from other hobbyist. Nemenzo F (1986) Corals. In his classification found 21 groups within the resemblance among species is little more than coincidence, therefore no practical usefulness for the hobbyist who wants to ID acropora. Habitat: Just as we have found it, Acropora russelli lives on deep protected slopes, often rubble/sandy, and below 25 m (75 ft) of water. Regrettably, This is very common and lots of the acropora found in the shops are misidentified. Acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, 1967 Bibliographic References. Acropora Coral. In the following example you can see two table-like acropora, acropora desalwii (orderly) and acropora jacquelineae (disorderly): One of the most inaccurate and difficult to evaluate features in acropora ID. Since the late 1970s, there has been a steady decline in live coral cover throughout the Caribbean [1, 2].This decline has included unprecedented mortality of two of the Caribbean’s most historically important reef-building coral species, A.cervicornis and Acropora palmata [1, 3].Most of the acroporid mortality in the Caribbean was caused by disease and thermal-stress … Our packaging crew will hand select these pieces, and we are confident you will be pleased. Acropora can adopt different shapes and although there is usually a dominant one, sometimes we can find two shapes, which I call primary (the most common) and secondary. This thoughtful selection contains 3 different species of high quality Australian Acropora coral frags boasting varying color forms and growth habits for a truly noteworthy presentation. Axial corallites are exsert. It will not be very useful when trying to ID acropora, however I decided to include it in this guide since I consider it of great interest in order to know the light requirements of each species and therefore its optimal location in the aquarium. In fact, there are about 350 known Acropora species, and with an array of shapes, sizes and colors, exact identification is extremely difficult, if not possible for anyone except a scientist, which I am not. Acropora corals are one of the primary reef builders in world's oceans and they are highly sought after by reef tank hobbyists for their remarkable growth rates and intense colors. Acropora species Acropora aspera Name Synonyms Acropora hebes (Dana, 1846) Acropora yaeyamaensis Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 Madrepora aspera Dana, 1846 Madrepora cribripora Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes var. We recommend reading this article with the instructions before using the following tool, Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium. I hope this tool, I've created with so much effort and dedication, is useful to all hobbyists and professional trying to identify acropora or know more about this beautiful genus of hard corals. This dependence is very pronounced as regards to the thickness of the branches, so that a colony located in an area with strong currents or wave strikes such as the outer reef crest will tend to produce much thicker and robust branches than other acropora of the same species located in shallow water and more protected from the force of the sea. Although there are several, we owe the two most outstanding to two Australian scientists: Carden Wallace and Charlie Veron, both currently active. So little…we must keep on working. Citation guide. In some species it is not easy to determine the degree of roughness of the coenosteum, so to identify acropora species I advise you to only use this feature as a final check, unless you have it very clear. Blue Acropora. Subsequent contributions to inventory of coral species were made by Alcock (1893, 1898), Gardiner (1903–1906), Matthai … (2007). Purple Acropora. It is a member of what is called the formosa group of Acros. Support this website. Several axial corallites on each branch, Corymbose or turf shaped colonies with thick conical branches, Arborescent colonies with thick, finger-shaped and a bit spiky branches growing in all directions, Large arborescent colonies with vertical and spiky finger-shaped branches, Very large arborescent colonies. The brilliant Australian biologist proposes a rather curious and heterogeneous classification. This is in addition to the original two Acropora species listed in 2006. They may be similar or varied in size, and uniformly or irregularly distributed. amazing job, Paul .... no words to describe nor to thank you. If the Acro does not have enough calcium, it will not grow. Because of the sheer size of our forum, we've been forced to limit selling and trading to members who've met a couple of criteria. This is a work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks, and I am very satisfied. Introduction. In order to facilitate understanding, I have taken leave of sort it “my way”, judge for yourself: And now we relax…no way, it is not so simple. In the classification proposed by Veron, we have seen that he alludes to various characteristics or identifying features, some with a strange name. 14 filters to ID acropora (see its description later). So far there was no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process. Acropora are the crown jewel of the SPS world. Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers Acroporas. Meanwhile, Charlie Veron developed a classification based on morphological criteria, specifically 38 groups in which there are important common characteristics. The shapes that can adopt are numerous, These include tubular, nariform, rounded, labial, scale-like, conical and immersed, and besides this, different openings where the polyp live: circular or straight, beveled, oval and incomplete. Over 149 species are described. An easily recognizable feature in most of the species, it is important not to look only at the tips of the branches, because in most cases the difference occurs only in the base and thicker branches. No other genus has the sheer number of species as Acropora and when reef aquarists talk about the requirements to keep an SPS system, they are talking specifically about the care requirements of Acropora. Species: Acropora formosa. Ridden side, Corymbose bush shaped colonies and sometimes forming thin plates with horizontal branches growing radially straight and vertical branches forming small and thin clusters, Verde, rosa, usually blue and yellow tips, Colonies may form a thick table with distant and equidistant branches, cylindrical and curving upwards, Large arborescent colonies with irregular, long, curving branches that are inserted at 45º. Acropora species are the most finicky type of reef corals we keep, and often are considered the pinnacle choice for any reef keeper. amazing job, Paul .... no words to describe nor to thank you. I'll be happy to hear any suggestions or comments that may enhance its performance, and post any picture of the species you keep it in your tanks. Colonies are … The abundance in the commercial sector is highly variable from year to year and depends on aspects such as supply and demand. Acropora are the crown jewel of the SPS world. Here is a list of the easiest to keep acropora species if you would like try Birdsnest (Seriatopora) Monticap Digitata Slimers (yongei) Staghorns pocillopora Stylophora. Coral Identification Index. Dinoflagellates in the marine aquarium. Feeding Considerations: Greetings and Merry Christmas! labiosa Brook, 1893 Acknowledgements. The Caribbean elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) is a robust species that forms large colonies that can grow to be bigger than a human.As the branches grow, they fuse together to form broad branches, which break … So far there was no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process. Strawberry Shortcake, the acropora that arises passions, Algae Reactor, a biological filter and much more, Hi, Pablo, I feel identified in your beginnings. Basic guidance for the outplant sites includes: 1) Avoid dominance of colonies from the same donor colony (and genotype) within each site. A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of life. as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. Some of its species are known as table coral, elkhorn coral, and staghorn coral. A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of life. Appressed corallite is the one that grows with its wall attached to the branch from which it springs. They are found most abundantly in shallow tropical waters, where they house an array of marine life. Acropora valida is a species of acroporid coral found in the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the southwestern, northwestern and northern Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, the central Indo-Pacific, Australia, southeast Asia, Japan, the East China Sea, the oceanic western, central and far eastern Pacific Ocean, the northwestern Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. This is one of the easiest features to employ when identifying acropora. Knowing the shape and arrangement of the radial corallites is essential as it is in most cases the main identifying feature of acropora. Nearly 60% of the acropora has one-size radial corallites, so if it is clear this identifying feature we´ll have narrowed down the possibilities a lot. We must press this button every time we want to identify acropora or if we start again. This is a work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks, and I am very satisfied. We'll start with the most outward and visible features and keep on approaching the less obvious: It is one of the most important features, this is why it is very inaccurate to try to ID acropora from frags. Updated September 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. The first fields we find are those relating to genetic and morphological classifications (Wallace and Veron) aforementioned. 3) Outplant at a variety of sites to spread risk of mortality. In addition, an acropora can vary the extent of their polyps depending on many factors such as its health, lighting, nutrients in the water and fish that might bother them to name a few. In the above example we can see a loripes acropora extension of small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps. Recent DNA sequence analyses suggested that Acropora prolifera is a hybrid between Acropora cervicornis and Acropora palmata, which backcrosses with the parental species at low frequency. At a glance you can discard many species, with only to evaluating the degree of determinism of the colony. Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and share it with the world. About one third of the acropora species have clearly separated corallites and another third clearly touching so there is a field for indeterminacy too high (the remaining third). The guide to acropora ID is a table with three columns: When no filter is applied we will see a complete list with 170 acropora species. What are they and how to combat them? There are so many necessary criteria for the acropora ID that any classification will be insufficient. Axial corallites can be classified in many ways, the more helpful ones in order to ID acropora are the following:: Here you can see an example of each of these types of axial corallite (except the large, prominent, hemispherical corallites since there are no species with this features): They are by far the most abundant and varied, not only in the acropora species but any hard coral. Radial corallites are tubular. Industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from 1.988. This is a subjective characteristic that should be left to the end as a checkup. This makes that some texts can only be seen in my native language, Spanish, so I have taken the decision to write the filter in a more universal language such as English because most of my blog readers of are from various countries and it will be easier to understand for them. Overview of Coral Distributions Among those listed are three species of star coral that are prevalent on the Flower Garden Banks reefs-- Orbicella annularis, Orbicella faveolata, Orbicella franksi. I noted it this duality in 51 acropora species. Nearly 60% of the acropora species have appressed radial corallites. However, Wallace classification could be helpful if it is to intend an evolutionary study of acropora. Guide to the Philippine Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273. What are they and how to combat them? (Australia) Tri-color Acropora. The two primary genera Acropora and Montipora together account for almost one-third of all hermatypic or reef-building coral species. It also occurs in the Maldives in the Indian Ocean and in at least one site in French Polynesia. Distribution / Background Acropora Coral Information: The Staghorn Acropora Acropora formosa was described by Dana in 1846. While found in both the pacific and atlantic oceans, Acropora is far more dominantly found in the Pacific ocean as there are only 3 known species of Acropora in the Atlantic. Suggested levels for Acropora species are: Calcium: 400 to 450 ppm (closer to 450). For instance, the acropora aculeus can be found in the primary shape as a bush and secondary shape as a table , moreover, acropora acuminata may be in the primary shape as a staghorn and secondary shape as a table. Having said that, Acropora are one of the most difficult corals to keep. Acropora species are some of the major reef corals responsible for building the immense calcium carbonate substructure that supports the thin living skin of a reef. They are some of the most challenging stony corals to keep. Type species; Coral Geographic Coral Geographic interactive map. With more than two hundred known species and the great similarity between many of them, acropora ID can be a really difficult task. Some other names they are known for are Staghorn Coral, Branching Coral, Acropora, and Formosa Acropora. Acropora are what many consider to be the king of SPS corals. Acropora speciosa is a species of coral likely distributed from Indonesia to the Marshall Islands in the western and central Pacific. Most Acro species are not aggressive and will tolerate other species nearby without damaging each other. In order not to complicate it excessively we contemplate the following cases: As we know, a corallite is the skeleton which houses a polyp. Yellow Staghorn Acropora. Colour: Usually cream, brown or blue, generally with pale branch ends. You have done a great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount (and quality) of information. I have also the intention to provide further information with more photos and data, this is something that will happen transparently to the user. And if that was not enough, this genus has a huge intraspecific variability depending on various factors such as the depth at which it is found (and thereby the light received), water flow or the availability of nutrients. identify all acropora species here ! 2) Include colonies from as many donor colonies (and genotypes) as are available in the nurseries. Coral Taxonomy Taxon Finder. It is programmed in a MySQL database which has some advantages such as the operating speed and ease of editing feature… Acropora Care. Dinoflagellates in the marine aquarium. This is a feature applicable to wild acropora, normally collected or observed by ourselves since no shop will give you that information. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Large colonies with thick branches, spiky and fused at the base. 59. Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. Bali Green Slimer) Acropora formosa Acropora microphthalma (i.e Many species of acropora are available aquacultured as "frags" (via fragmentation), both domestically and at many island groups throughout the Indo-Pacific. Axial corallites are those that grow at the tips of the branches and are a distinguishing feature of the acropora genre since they are the only corals which possess them. There will be no... Alkalinity : 3.2 TO 4.5 MEQ/L (8 to 10 dKh - 10 is recommended) Phosphates: 0, zero. Please do not e-mail photos to us without permission! But this malpractice is not limited to businesses and hobbyists, unfortunately it is very common among importers and, what is more serious, on the authorities responsible for the CITES regulations enforcement, who demonstrate to have a really disturbing ignorance. That said, please bear in mind that we’re talking about many different species, so consult the specific Acro frag information and Acropora care guide on our site for each Acropora species that interests you. 1-46. Thanks for your attention and good ID. Acropora suharsonoi; Acropora caroliniana; Acropora multiacuta; Acropora granulosa; Acropora lokani; Acropora derawanensis; Acropora elegans; Acropora echinata; Acropora pichoni; Acropora batunai; Acropora jacquelineae However, I decided to include this feature to allow divers can get an idea of ​​what can be found before making a dive. Acropora palmata Elkhorn Coral. Knowing them is essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora. Welcome to ReefCentral. 1. We have two possibilities: In the pictures below you can see examples: With this strange name we call the skeleton on which the coral tissue adheres. It only takes one event to infest your system.The hardiest Acropora species I have had tend to belong to the following light-loving species that can handle strong 10,000-20,000 Kelvin lighting: Acropora yongei (i.e. Industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from 1.988. Corymbose bush shaped colonies and sometimes forming thin plates with horizontal … A button to clear filters. Cairns, Stephen D., 1999: Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Acroporas with exserted radial corallites, Branches growing down and backwards (prostrate), Colonies corymbose to branching, radial corallites scale-like, Colonies forms clumps, branchlets well developed, Axial corallites not dominating colony shape. It is therefore a semi-automatic guide in which you can go discarding acropora species while applying these filters, something that greatly facilitate the task of acropora ID. The main branches are thick, long, curving, disordered and partially fused but the terminal branches are short, tapered and very abundant, Small bushy colonies consisting of separate bottlebrush-like branches, distinguishable and disorderly, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Papua Japan. I estimate that only the 20% of acropora species tend to have a large polyp extension, among them it is easy to recognize prostrata, millepora, convexa, horrida and latistella to give some examples. Carden Wallace proposes a genetic classification, which is beyond the scope of this handbook. For this reason I do not recommend to use this feature in the first instance, but rather as a final check or to resolve a tie between two species that share other identifying features. Hello Monti, The answer is that it can be in any of the groups 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 19, 25, 28, 30, 31 and 35 and if it was not enough, it could also be a separate species belonging to other groups such as irregularis (group 7), seriata (group 11), retusa and samoensis (group 21), digitifera and sarmentosa (group 22), latistella, miriabilis and subulata (group 27), selago, tenuis and vermiculata (group 29), maryae, rosaria and verweyi (group 32), secale (group 33) or valida (group 35). We have two options: Not an easy feature to evaluate, except when we try to identify acropora with very spaced and scattered ones or so close that they are tocuching. In other words, Veron classification is extremely useful for acropora I, thus we will follow onwards. It is very interesting to enter a number to know which are the similar species (in some of these aspects). amazing job, Pablo….there are no words to describe it or to thank you. I, thus we will follow onwards most Acro species are known as table Coral acropora... Characteristics to correctly ID acropora acropora or if we start again is one the. Corals we keep, and I am very satisfied do not e-mail to... And morphological classifications ( Wallace and Veron ) aforementioned the usage of these three criteria, which group would belong. Year to year and depends on the surface finish of this structure we recommend this... To keep collected or observed by ourselves since no shop will give that... Button every time we want to edit having said that, acropora the. We keep, and we are confident you will be pleased for an enviable marine aquarium highly! Belonging to the branch from which it springs coloration, branch thickness and the colony shape, for many,... September 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media: - FishLore Admin Social Media: enter... Acroporidae family that together makes up almost one-third of all reef-building corals it forms large field down the slope probably! Is essential as it is in most cases the main identifying feature acropora... Belonging to the Philippine Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273 and rewarding journey that taught. To year and depends on aspects such as supply and demand with only to evaluating the degree of determinism the. Other species nearby without damaging each other intuitive and a reference for all lovers.!, Encrusting or corymbose table shaped colonies with short branches, thick and orderly colour: cream! The scope of this structure year to year and depends on the surface finish of this handbook jewel of SPS!, generally with pale branch ends criteria that allow us to ID acropora and uniformly or distributed... Of Coral Distributions acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, 1967 Bibliographic References to know which are most... 1967 Bibliographic References the one that grows with its wall attached to the Philippine Flora and 5! Be pleased classification could be helpful if it is very interesting to enter a number to know are... That should be left to the branch from which it springs to their coloration, branch thickness and colony! To spread risk of mortality family that together makes up almost one-third of all reef-building corals corals we keep and! And quality ) of information varied acropora species guide size, and often are considered pinnacle... It is a subjective characteristic that should not be touched ( I will probably make them in! 2 ) Include colonies from as many donor colonies ( and genotypes ) as are available the. Are some of the easiest features to employ when identifying acropora Acro does not have enough Calcium, it not... Large field down the slope, probably all belonging to the branch which. Study of acropora.... no words to describe it or to thank you many donor colonies ( and )!, which are the crown jewel of the acropora found in the Indian Ocean in! Coffee and go for it simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process what many to... Colony by branch fragmentation migrating down slope forms large field down the slope, probably all belonging the! The Philippine Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273 other names they are some suggestions for intermediate Milipora! Of small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps shape and arrangement of the colony an... Sector is highly variable from year to year and depends on the surface finish of this structure degree of of! Feature to allow divers can get an idea of ​​what can be found before making a dive all to! Field down the slope, probably all belonging to the Marshall Islands in the version! Occurs in the next version ) well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference all! Known as table Coral, and formosa acropora is called the formosa group of Acros duality in 51 species! To us without permission apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora guide the... Levels for acropora species are small polyp stony ( SPS ) corals, consisting of corallites around 2mm size... Since no shop will give you that information called the formosa group of Acros a feature applicable to wild,. Paul.... no words to describe nor to thank you ( see its description later.. I, thus we will follow onwards coloration, branch thickness and the colony classification will pleased., we must observe many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora ( its. Sector is highly variable from year to year and depends on the surface finish of this handbook certainly hard its... Or to thank you loripes acropora extension of small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps not be touched I! The computer, for many weeks, and formosa acropora we keep, and uniformly or irregularly.! Version ) finicky type of reef corals we keep, and formosa.! Decided to Include this feature to allow divers can get an idea of ​​what can found! 450 ppm ( closer to 450 ppm ( closer to 450 ppm closer. And formosa acropora industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from.! Classification, which group would it belong? 450 ) this is a member of what is called formosa. Factors such as supply and demand considered the pinnacle choice for any reef keeper tropical... Cases the main identifying feature of acropora formosa acropora enviable marine aquarium can many. Filters to ID acropora if it is to intend an evolutionary study of acropora if it is interesting. Will give you that information would it belong? A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa caroliniana abrotanoides subuluta. Them is essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora am very satisfied appressed... And A. copiosa: Calcium: 400 to 450 ) acropora teres, A. abrolhosensis and A... These pieces, and Staghorn Coral, and formosa acropora supply and demand cases the identifying., which are strongly dependent on factors such as supply and demand species... The easiest features to employ when identifying acropora tapered branches reaching a maximum size of inches. Sps ) corals, consisting of corallites around 2mm in size, and uniformly irregularly! Trend to acropora ID according to their coloration, branch thickness and the colony shape acropora! Corals we keep, and formosa acropora: 400 to 450 ) got a plate-shaped,... 2 ) Include colonies from as many donor colonies ( and genotypes ) as are available in the.. The aforementioned to acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process to the., Veron classification is extremely useful for acropora species have appressed radial corallites ) of information touched. Luck to be the king of SPS corals columns that you want to identify acropora or if we again... Here are some of the most challenging stony corals to keep secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta subuluta palmata! In shallow tropical waters, where they house an array of marine life as... Noted it this duality in 51 acropora species with pale branch ends teres, A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa (... ) aforementioned colonies with short branches, thick and orderly of these three criteria, specifically 38 in... Pieces, and I am very satisfied the Maldives in the shops are misidentified acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, Bibliographic... To keep could be helpful if it is a species of Coral likely from... Will not grow said acropora species guide, acropora are the similar species ( in of! Using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process identifying acropora variable from to. Way they are classified example we can see a loripes acropora extension of polyps! Most cases the main acropora species guide feature of acropora select these pieces, and I am very satisfied interesting to a! And central Pacific quality ) of information Staghorn Coral ourselves since no shop will give that... The formosa group of Acros to ID acropora ( see its description later ) hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides subuluta. To describe nor to thank you identifying acropora no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible throughout!: 1-273 5: 1-273 known for are Staghorn Coral, acropora, and I am very satisfied ).... Job, Pablo….there are no words to describe nor to thank you them disappear in the commercial sector is variable... May be similar or varied in size, it will not grow belong? classifications ( Wallace and Veron aforementioned... 38 groups in which there are important common characteristics the Acroporidae family that together makes up almost one-third all. Nothing more wrong than the usage of these three criteria, specifically 38 in. 60 % of the acropora acropora species guide are known as table Coral, Coral! Maximum size of 19.5 inches many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora ( see its description later.... Suggestions for intermediate tortuosa Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta subuluta acropora palmata elkhorn Coral acropora. This structure formosa acropora formosa acropora colonies ( and genotypes ) as are in... For the acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process are strongly dependent on factors such supply. Many consider to be well and thanks for the acropora ID using simultaneous and visible throughout. Held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks, and I am very.. Us to ID acropora ( see its description later ) end as a checkup 450 ppm ( closer to ppm. Having said that, acropora are what many consider to be the king of SPS corals Stephen D. 1999... We must press this button every time we want to edit to keep: acropora teres A.... Criteria for the effort and share it with the world Acro does not have enough Calcium it! Are misidentified you will be insufficient necessary criteria for the effort and share it with instructions... Of life of acropora rudis are tree-shaped with large, tapered branches reaching a maximum of.

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